Thursday, October 13, 2016

Comparing ALL Available Electric Car Options (Updated: October 2016)

* By popular request from a number of visitors to this blog, I have updated the graphics below based on information available as of October 2016


It's been said, but I'll say it again ... Electric cars are the future. We will soon look back at our internal-combusting, oil-leaking, carbon-polluting cars and trucks as dinosaurs, that never quite made sense, but had a long solid run, till their time was up.

If you are in the market for a new car, it only makes sense to consider an all-electric car as one of your options today. While Tesla and its superb Model S has been taking most of the limelight in the media, other cars manufacturers have been silently adding all-electric vehicles to the market that are worth exploring if you are seriously considering buying in the near future.

However ... finding all the information in one place is a real challenge!

For starters I couldn't find a convenient list of all-electric vehicles for a buyer to consider! I finally figured that the best way to make my own list was to review the California Air Resources Board's website that offers an HOV lane sticker to electric and hybrid electric cars. For more about that read my previous post.
To my surprise I got a total of 13 vehicles ranging from minicompacts to SUVs. Here's the full list ...

As of August 2014  October 2016 these are the electric vehicles in the US market:
  1. 2017 BMW i3 BEV (60, 94 AH)
  2. 2017 Chevy Bolt (Not yet release ... but data was available, so included) 
  3. 2017 Fiat 500e
  4. 2017 Kia Soul Electric
  5. 2017 Mercedes Benz B250e
  6. 2017 Mitsubishi i-MiEV
  7. 2016 BYD e6
  8. 2016 Chevy Spark EV
  9. 2016 Ford Focus
  10. 2016 Nissan LEAF (24, 30 kWh)
  11. 2016 Smart Fortwo Electric Drive
  12. 2016 Tesla Model S (60, 60D, 75, 75D, 90D, P90D, P100D)
  13. 2016 Tesla Model X (75D, 90D, P90D)
  14. 2016 Volkswagen e-Golf
  15. 2014 Honda Fit
  16. 2014 Toyota RAV4 EV
I then went to the U.S. DOE's www.fueleconomy.gov website by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that allows you to compare vehicles side-by-side to get more information about them ... But wait ... They only allow you to compare 4 vehicles at a time! And to make life interesting, they broke the information out into 4 tabs!!! Why don't they just allow us to compare all the vehicles we want, with all the information on one page?!! Browsers scroll in both directions, you know!

Anyway ... I took down the three most relevant pieces of information from the EPA website for each vehicle: Miles on a charge, Time to charge and EPA Fuel economy in MPGe. Then I headed over to True Car (my new favorite website to price a car) and Kelly Blue Book to get a rough estimate of what I might pay for each one. I priced them as I would like to buy them, so the prices are NOT for the base stripped-down version, nor are they the decked-out, all options MSRP price. They are somewhere in-between. All that research ended in the graphic below.



I arranged the vehicles in the order of the most important thing I consider in buying an electric car ... The range. i.e. How far can I go on a full charge? If I am seriously considering electric as an option against gas, range is pretty much the most important issue for me. A low range means I have limited options of what I can do with the car. If weekend trips out of town are not an option, that limits the usability of the car - which is serious problem. In fact with most electric cars in a 80 mile range, they tend to become one-task vehicles i.e. commute back and forth to work every day! I don't know about you, but I need a car to do a bit more for me than a single task.

If you are willing to look beyond the range issue (or if 80ish miles on a single charge works for you, perhaps you have a charging station at your workplace!) then the options become more interesting. The second thing I would consider is time taken to charge the battery fully. With a 240 Volt charger (which most people will need to install in their garage) time to recharge range from 3.5 hours (Mercedes Benz B250e) to 12 hours (Tesla Model X, S). The Teslas obviously takes longer because it has the biggest battery in any electric vehicle on the list.

Next the EPA mileage in miles per gallon equivalent (MPGe) is of course an important consideration and I was expecting to find all of them to be somewhat similar. But they are not! They range from the best of 124 MPGe (BMW i3 BEV) to as low as 72 MPGe (BYD e6).

I added some additional color formatting in the graphic above, for EPA Fuel Economy, Time to Charge Battery and Price. If you prefer seeing the graphic above sorted by Price, Time to charge or EPA mileage, click the images below:




52 comments:

  1. Good analysis Mudit! My beef with electric cars is that if they have to be truly green, they must carry enough charge to carry you through the day. If they need to be charged at work, that puts more pressure on the electric grid during peak hours and defeats the larger purpose. I question charging stations at work as being Green. Charging has to happen at night during base load hours. Or else, electric cars in their current avatar are not truly green.

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  2. Hello Footwalker! Good to hear from you :) ... Great question about the "greeness" of charging an electric car at work or during electric peak period!

    The answer probably varies from region to region and the electricity source mix. In most cases however, utilities tend to fire up their natural gas based peaker plants to meet load surges during peak periods. These tend to be fairly efficient. Most have some sort of heat recovery system and co-generation. So if we could compare GHG emissions from a 'peaker plant' to that of a internal combustion engine, we could have a definitive answer to your question ... I don't have the data, so can't say for sure, but as we progress from carbon based to greener renewable sources for electricity production, the answer will slowly shift in favor the the electric car, no matter when it's charged.

    Another (VERY likely) scenario for the future is that peak demand will be met from stored power in distributed batteries, and NOT by burning hydrocarbon in peaker plants. Those batteries could well be in electric cars connected to the grid via chargers at workplaces! In that sense, connecting your EV at your workplace may become the "green thing to do"! The EV could offer up some of it's charge to the office building during peak times to offset demand! All this assumes battery power gets to a point where it's cheap, plentiful and ubiquitous. A lot needs to happen before that, but I won't be surprised if it's Tesla that gets us there!

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  3. I like one of the most which is Tesla. However the other are also very awesome and reliable.But Tesla efforts well for the electric cars and its specifications in the Model S are very fines. I love it. Good work done on this blog,its very informative and interesting. If you want to track your car or want to know its Vin number so have a look on bmw vin decoder free.

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  4. EVs are not a green choice. That is to say that the cradle to grave environmental impact of EV is not less than the ice powered car as determined by life cycle analysis (LCA). To quote my environmental engineering text book, EVs are elsewhere emissions vehicles.

    Walking and riding a bike is a green and healthy choice. However, I stopped riding a bike to work in a large California city in the early 90s because of air pollution made it unhealthy.

    I moved from California and enjoyed and have enjoyed clean air since but admit that North America no longer has an air pollution problem.

    Recently I visited California for 3 days after retiring. If an HOV sticker is important, move someplace where you can enjoy the environment.

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  6. BMW i3 BEV is the best electric car in the USA market. It is not so distance. One day people will use only electric car rather than normal car. It helps to keep the environment clean.

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  15. I'm using a Tesla Model S car and it works great! Thanks for nice post!

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  16. Toyota RAV4 EV is the one that I love. Anyway, this is such good comparison! It's very useful for electric cars lovers. Thanks so much!

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  17. Tonya K. Ibanez Said:
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